A lot of families move during the summer to avoid disturbing the school schedule in the fall among other things.

Taxpayers who are selling their home may qualify to exclude all or part of any gain from the sale from their income when filing their tax return, according to a news release. Here are some things that homeowners should think about when selling a home:

Ownership and Use

To claim the exclusion, the taxpayer must meet the ownership and use tests. During five years ending on the date of the sale, the homeowner must have owned the home and lived in it as their main home for at least two years.


Taxpayers who sell their main home and have a gain from the sale may be able to exclude up to $250,000 from that gain from their income. Taxpayers who file a joint return with their spouse may be able to exclude up to $500,000. Homeowners excluding all the gain do not need to report the sale on their tax return unless a Form 1099-S was issued, according to the news release.


Some taxpayers experience a loss when their main home sells for less than what they paid for it. This loss is not deductible.

Multiple Homes

Taxpayers who own more than one home can only exclude the gain on the sale of their main home. They must pay taxes on the gain from selling any other home.

Reported Sale

Taxpayers who don’t qualify to exclude all of the taxable gains from their income must report the gain from the sale of their home when they file their tax return. Anyone who chooses not to claim the exclusion must report the taxable gain on their tax return. Taxpayers who receive Form 1099-S, Proceeds from Real Estate Transactions must report the sale on their tax return even if they have no taxable gain, according to the news release.

Mortgage Debt

Generally, taxpayers must report forgiven or canceled debt as income on their tax return. This includes people who had a mortgage workout, foreclosure, or other canceled mortgage debt on their homes. Taxpayers who had debt discharged, in whole or in part, on a qualified principal residence can’t exclude it from income unless it was discharged before Jan. 1, 2026, or a written agreement for the debt forgiveness was in place before Jan. 1, 2026.

Possible Exceptions

There are exceptions to these rules for some individuals, including persons with a disability, certain members of the military, the intelligence community, and Peace Corps workers, the news release added.


Worksheets included in Publication 523, Selling Your Home can help taxpayers figure out the adjusted basis of the home sold, the gain or loss on the sale, and the excluded gain on the sale.

Source: IRS