Those shopping for homes this spring are feeling vastly different levels of market heat depending on where they’re looking. Inventory is a critical factor, the latest market report1 from Zillow shows.

“Shoppers in the market today should expect competition, especially for attractive listings on the lower end of the price range — a rare opportunity these days,” said Skylar Olsen, Zillow’s chief economist in a news release. “That’s kept prices ticking upward in most areas, despite affordability challenges. There are places where new construction relieves some pressure, and where homeowners are less locked into their mortgage, but not in the nation’s most expensive metros. In costly areas, homeowners hold extensive mortgage debt at previously low rates, and the pressure is dialed up even further.”

Most Expensive

Buyers in the most expensive major U.S. metros are seeing prices ramp up faster than anywhere else. Monthly home value growth is highest in the coastal California metros and Seattle, topping out at 3.3% in San JoseSan FranciscoSeattleSan Diego, and Los Angeles follow, with price growth of 2% or more.

These five metros are the most expensive markets among the 50 largest in the U.S. It’s no coincidence that these areas are also where the highest share of homeowners are likely locked into their mortgages. That’s because it’s so much more expensive to buy at today’s rates.

Bidding wars are common in these markets, all of which ranked among the top 10 for a share of homes sold over the asking price in February, according to the most recent data available. Buyers are competing over few choices; all of these metros have seen a below-average recovery in inventory compared to before the pandemic.

Meanwhile, appreciation is subdued in Southern metros, where existing inventory has grown or nearly recovered since the outset of the pandemic. Metros with the slowest — but still fairly strong — growth in New OrleansSan AntonioTampaOrlando, and Jacksonville; all clock in at just over 0.5% appreciation month over month.

New Construction

New construction is providing a pressure-relief valve in these metros, giving buyers who want to move up a place to go. New listings of existing homes have risen from pre-pandemic levels in New Orleans and Austin, while San Antonio and the Florida metros noted above have seen some of the smallest drop-offs.

Recovering inventory in these areas has helped ease competition and bring price appreciation under control. New OrleansAustin, and San Antonio are the three markets where buyers have more choices than before the pandemic, while TampaOrlando, and Jacksonville are down just 9% — tied for the second-smallest drop.

Nationwide, the divide between hot and cold listings persists. In many markets where new and total inventory has recovered, buyers are gaining traction in negotiations.

Homes that sold in March did so in just 13 days. That’s slightly slower than at this time in 2021 or 2022, but far faster than the pre-pandemic norm. Buyers can expect well-marketed and competitively priced properties to fly off the shelves even faster in April and May, as competition ramps up. But other listings are loitering; the median age of all listings on Zillow is 43 days.

Relatively affordable markets in the Midwest as well as expensive coastal metros like Seattle and Washington, D.C., have extremely short times on the market for listings that sell, nearly matching those from the buying frenzy at the peak of the pandemic. Sold homes were listed for a week or less in 17 major metros.

A similar story emerges when looking at listings with price cuts versus those sold over the list price. More than 1 in 5 sellers cut their list price in March, the largest share for this time of year in more than a decade. Places where cuts are the most common are TampaPhoenixJacksonvilleSan Antonio, and Orlando.

Sold Over List Price

On the other hand, nearly 27% of homes sold over the list price in February, compared to less than 19% in 2019. Sellers who price their home correctly, and amp up their real and digital curb appeal, shouldn’t have a problem cashing out and moving on.

Metropolitan
Area*

March
Zillow
Home
Value
Index
(ZHVI)
(Raw)

ZHVI
Change,
Month
over
Month

Median
Days to
Pending

Share of
Listings Sold
Over List
(Feb. 2024)

Share
of
Listings
with a
Price
Cut

Inventory
Change,
Since
Before the
Pandemic

New
Inventory
Change,
Year over
Year

United States

$355,696

1.1 %

13

26.6 %

20.6 %

-36.4 %

3.7 %

New York, NY

$652,100

1.2 %

21

42.4 %

11.1 %

-53.2 %

-10.6 %

Los Angeles, CA

$959,412

2.0 %

13

49.0 %

14.6 %

-41.9 %

2.4 %

Chicago, IL

$315,995

1.5 %

7

34.1 %

16.6 %

-54.0 %

-3.9 %

Dallas, TX

$378,461

1.1 %

15

21.7 %

25.4 %

-13.7 %

16.6 %

Houston, TX

$308,539

0.9 %

20

14.3 %

24.7 %

-17.3 %

0.6 %

Washington, DC

$564,691

1.6 %

5

45.5 %

15.0 %

-53.6 %

-13.6 %

Philadelphia, PA

$357,208

1.3 %

8

36.6 %

17.7 %

-54.5 %

-7.7 %

Miami, FL

$488,459

1.0 %

35

10.8 %

24.0 %

-23.0 %

8.7 %

Atlanta, GA

$383,817

1.1 %

17

23.4 %

23.6 %

-22.2 %

11.0 %

Boston, MA

$688,702

1.8 %

7

49.3 %

12.1 %

-41.2 %

-17.2 %

Phoenix, AZ

$460,155

0.9 %

21

16.7 %

33.0 %

-33.3 %

14.5 %

San Francisco, CA

$1,184,083

2.7 %

12

62.7 %

13.2 %

-16.0 %

11.4 %

Riverside, CA

$580,912

1.2 %

17

38.3 %

19.7 %

-41.8 %

12.9 %

Detroit, MI

$248,990

1.6 %

7

34.3 %

16.2 %

-33.7 %

3.7 %

Seattle, WA

$746,504

2.4 %

6

43.5 %

14.4 %

-33.0 %

0.1 %

Minneapolis, MN

$372,848

1.4 %

14

34.2 %

16.9 %

-33.6 %

5.4 %

San Diego, CA

$956,040

2.1 %

10

48.2 %

17.3 %

-46.5 %

11.8 %

Tampa, FL

$381,125

0.7 %

25

13.8 %

33.7 %

-8.6 %

15.4 %

Denver, CO

$591,327

1.5 %

7

32.0 %

24.1 %

-17.2 %

-3.5 %

Baltimore, MD

$383,850

1.4 %

6

39.7 %

19.9 %

-55.3 %

-5.1 %

St. Louis, MO

$248,337

1.3 %

5

36.2 %

16.2 %

-54.0 %

-3.5 %

Orlando, FL

$396,120

0.7 %

20

13.8 %

26.9 %

-8.9 %

9.0 %

Charlotte, NC

$382,980

1.3 %

9

32.9 %

20.3 %

-18.1 %

4.6 %

San Antonio, TX

$287,504

0.6 %

34

13.7 %

27.8 %

10.2 %

2.4 %

Portland, OR

$550,534

1.3 %

8

30.8 %

19.1 %

-31.5 %

0.0 %

Sacramento, CA

$582,957

1.5 %

9

42.5 %

17.8 %

-40.8 %

14.4 %

Pittsburgh, PA

$209,561

1.3 %

8

21.3 %

19.7 %

-49.9 %

-14.2 %

Cincinnati, OH

$281,842

1.6 %

4

31.7 %

19.3 %

-46.3 %

-4.4 %

Austin, TX

$464,172

1.1 %

30

14.8 %

20.9 %

28.5 %

8.1 %

Las Vegas, NV

$421,551

1.1 %

14

19.4 %

19.8 %

-43.9 %

14.6 %

Kansas City, MO

$301,648

1.4 %

4

33.3 %

20.2 %

-48.1 %

6.9 %

Columbus, OH

$312,567

1.6 %

4

36.3 %

19.6 %

-34.5 %

5.3 %

Indianapolis, IN

$277,826

1.2 %

6

19.8 %

22.5 %

-29.6 %

0.4 %

Cleveland, OH

$222,847

1.6 %

6

31.4 %

15.6 %

-59.4 %

-9.9 %

San Jose, CA

$1,613,768

3.3 %

9

69.4 %

9.6 %

-26.4 %

18.4 %

Nashville, TN

$442,818

1.1 %

13

15.8 %

26.7 %

-19.4 %

4.1 %

Virginia Beach, VA

$348,306

1.4 %

20

34.3 %

16.9 %

-55.4 %

-5.4 %

Providence, RI

$472,347

1.6 %

8

47.0 %

12.1 %

-64.7 %

-8.1 %

Jacksonville, FL

$358,202

0.7 %

32

11.5 %

27.8 %

-9.1 %

11.3 %

Milwaukee, WI

$340,266

1.9 %

9

42.6 %

10.9 %

-36.9 %

7.3 %

Oklahoma City, OK

$233,485

0.9 %

14

25.0 %

23.0 %

-20.3 %

8.5 %

Raleigh, NC

$445,817

1.2 %

7

30.1 %

22.2 %

-32.7 %

4.4 %

Memphis, TN

$239,353

1.0 %

22

16.4 %

21.9 %

-6.5 %

5.7 %

Richmond, VA

$367,103

1.6 %

6

38.9 %

15.6 %

-51.1 %

-5.6 %

Louisville, KY

$253,980

1.3 %

7

20.4 %

21.1 %

-37.8 %

2.2 %

New Orleans, LA

$238,534

0.5 %

29

11.4 %

23.7 %

27.3 %

-8.5 %

Salt Lake City, UT

$544,968

1.3 %

10

31.0 %

24.2 %

-20.3 %

5.5 %

Hartford, CT

$352,755

1.6 %

6

61.7 %

11.7 %

-71.0 %

-8.4 %

Buffalo, NY

$252,937

1.2 %

10

48.7 %

11.3 %

-50.2 %

-10.0 %

Birmingham, AL

$252,955

0.9 %

13

23.4 %

19.5 %

-31.8 %

-1.2 %

*Table ordered by market size

 
The Zillow Real Estate Market Report is a monthly overview of the national and local real estate markets. The
reports are compiled by Zillow Research. For more information, visit www.zillow.com/research.

Source:  Zillow