Texas and Florida’s metros dominate the best places for buyers in Zillow’s new market heat index, securing seven of the top 10 spots. But most of the country’s 50 largest metros — and the U.S. at large — favor sellers, according to the latest market report1 from Zillow

“Prospective buyers in most markets today are feelng less intense competition than in recent spring shopping seasons. Pressure is easing up as mortgage rates raise costs and sellers return,” said Skylar Olsen, Zillow chief economist in a news release. “However, the pool of homes for sale remains remarkably low. This means the nation remains a seller’s market despite high mortgage rates — homes are selling faster, with more buyer interest over any one listing, than pre-pandemic.”

String Construction

Strong construction in Texas and Florida has helped restore inventory levels in those states, easing competition. Austin and San Antonio are two of just three markets with more inventory now than before the pandemic, while TampaOrlando, and Jacksonville have among the smallest deficits.

The top market for sellers is Buffalo, New York, forecast by Zillow in January as the hottest market of 2024. Among the top metros for sellers are more expensive (and inventory-constrained) coastal tech hubs, relatively affordable spillover markets in the Northeast — Hartford and Providence — and hot Upper Midwest metros Milwaukee and Minneapolis.

Zillow’s new market heat index visually represents buyers’ urgency or sellers’ confidence in an area and shows how that’s changed over time. It considers the share of homes that sell quickly, the share of homes with a price cut, and buyer engagement with active Zillow listings in a market.

Springtime Competition Coasts as Costs and Inventory Rise

Both inventory and new listings posted solid gains monthly compared to last year. Buyers had a lot more options to choose from, as inventory rose 6.4% from March to April and climbed 18% over last year, the second-largest annual increase since at least 2019. They also had more fresh options, with new listings up nearly 11% month over month and rising almost 16% year over year. Despite April’s improvement, total inventory sits 36% below pre-pandemic norms.

Mortgage rates that spiked above 7% for the first time this year, along with these infusions of inventory, held competition steady at a time of year when it normally ramps up.

U.S. home values grew 1.2% from March to April and are 4.4% higher than a year ago. That’s a slight slowdown from the 4.6% annual growth seen last month. The typical U.S. home is now worth $359,402.

Price Cuts

The share of listings with a price cut reached 22.4% in April, the highest rate for April in the past six years and a significant step up from 17.2% last year. Price cuts can be a sign of weakening demand that foretells softer price growth ahead, or they can be a natural process of feeling the market out as sellers and their agents come up with their pricing strategy. The latter scenario becomes more likely in a rapidly changing market like we see today, with relatively few recent sales to look at as comps.

Homes that sold in April sold in 13 days, which is fast by historical standards. However, that is three days slower than last April, the first time since June 2023 that the speed of sales fell behind the previous year’s pace.

Size rank

Metropolitan Area

April Zillow
Home Value
Index (ZHVI) (Raw)

ZHVI Change,
Year over Year (YoY)

Zillow Market Heat Index *

Market Favors
(Based on Index Value)

Share of Listings
with a Price Cut

Inventory Change, YoY

New Inventory
Change, YoY

0

United States

$359,402

4.4 %

60.3

Seller’s

22.4 %

18.0 %

15.5 %

46

New Orleans, LA

$242,593

-7.0 %

39.1

Buyer’s

26.5 %

22.4 %

8.9 %

8

Miami, FL

$489,836

7.3 %

39.2

Buyer’s

24.6 %

41.3 %

27.2 %

18

Tampa, FL

$381,137

3.5 %

43.7

Buyer’s

35.6 %

50.1 %

23.0 %

39

Jacksonville, FL

$359,942

1.7 %

44.3

Buyer’s

30.8 %

37.2 %

27.5 %

43

Memphis, TN

$241,995

2.1 %

45.4

Neutral

24.6 %

25.0 %

11.8 %

22

Orlando, FL

$397,716

4.0 %

49.2

Neutral

29.0 %

41.6 %

20.2 %

24

San Antonio, TX

$290,355

-1.8 %

51.7

Neutral

30.0 %

27.4 %

11.5 %

29

Austin, TX

$468,707

-3.6 %

52.1

Neutral

26.5 %

11.5 %

19.1 %

5

Houston, TX

$311,004

2.1 %

54.9

Neutral

28.0 %

21.4 %

17.0 %

9

Atlanta, GA

$386,193

4.7 %

54.9

Neutral

25.5 %

32.3 %

34.3 %

41

Oklahoma City, OK

$235,737

3.1 %

55.3

Neutral

25.3 %

23.1 %

14.3 %

36

Nashville, TN

$442,844

2.3 %

56.9

Seller’s

30.2 %

10.2 %

16.0 %

50

Birmingham, AL

$252,777

0.6 %

57.9

Seller’s

22.1 %

17.7 %

10.5 %

11

Phoenix, AZ

$461,258

4.6 %

58.2

Seller’s

34.2 %

4.0 %

20.0 %

23

Charlotte, NC

$384,502

5.4 %

59.1

Seller’s

22.7 %

13.3 %

23.9 %

30

Las Vegas, NV

$426,094

6.5 %

62.9

Seller’s

21.7 %

-6.8 %

15.5 %

33

Indianapolis, IN

$281,348

3.9 %

63.2

Seller’s

26.3 %

14.8 %

8.0 %

45

Louisville, KY

$257,655

4.2 %

63.3

Seller’s

21.8 %

11.4 %

18.7 %

4

Dallas, TX

$380,818

1.8 %

63.5

Seller’s

29.1 %

30.5 %

16.4 %

13

Riverside, CA

$582,574

6.8 %

64.9

Seller’s

21.2 %

14.6 %

21.5 %

37

Virginia Beach, VA

$350,606

6.3 %

66.4

Seller’s

17.2 %

11.3 %

8.5 %

42

Raleigh, NC

$445,842

3.5 %

68.9

Strong seller’s

26.7 %

21.6 %

27.8 %

7

Philadelphia, PA

$361,244

7.7 %

69.5

Strong seller’s

19.3 %

-0.2 %

7.8 %

27

Pittsburgh, PA

$214,575

6.2 %

69.6

Strong seller’s

21.3 %

-1.8 %

3.5 %

19

Denver, CO

$596,265

2.6 %

69.9

Strong seller’s

28.8 %

20.2 %

23.8 %

20

Baltimore, MD

$385,429

4.5 %

70.2

Strong seller’s

21.8 %

3.5 %

5.1 %

47

Salt Lake City, UT

$548,265

2.9 %

70.3

Strong seller’s

26.5 %

14.0 %

18.1 %

28

Cincinnati, OH

$284,510

6.1 %

70.4

Strong seller’s

21.1 %

8.8 %

10.9 %

14

Detroit, MI

$253,228

7.1 %

71.3

Strong seller’s

17.4 %

0.5 %

6.3 %

17

San Diego, CA

$964,659

12.0 %

74

Strong seller’s

18.9 %

29.2 %

30.6 %

3

Chicago, IL

$320,798

7.7 %

75

Strong seller’s

18.8 %

-0.9 %

10.6 %

26

Sacramento, CA

$585,640

4.5 %

76

Strong seller’s

21.5 %

10.2 %

16.0 %

25

Portland, OR

$552,452

2.3 %

76.5

Strong seller’s

22.3 %

18.9 %

16.1 %

21

St. Louis, MO

$252,191

5.4 %

76.8

Strong seller’s

19.1 %

12.1 %

14.0 %

31

Kansas City, MO

$304,718

4.8 %

76.9

Strong seller’s

22.2 %

19.3 %

16.4 %

32

Columbus, OH

$314,393

6.4 %

77.2

Strong seller’s

21.3 %

13.9 %

10.0 %

2

Los Angeles, CA

$964,981

9.4 %

80.1

Strong seller’s

15.0 %

11.7 %

26.0 %

44

Richmond, VA

$369,231

5.8 %

81.1

Strong seller’s

16.8 %

7.3 %

9.5 %

6

Washington, DC

$569,764

5.3 %

81.6

Strong seller’s

18.4 %

-0.8 %

5.7 %

34

Cleveland, OH

$227,456

8.0 %

83.1

Strong seller’s

18.2 %

-7.9 %

1.1 %

1

New York, NY

$658,935

7.6 %

85.1

Strong seller’s

12.4 %

-8.6 %

6.3 %

16

Minneapolis, MN

$374,434

2.1 %

85.4

Strong seller’s

19.4 %

20.0 %

15.4 %

38

Providence, RI

$478,431

8.7 %

86.4

Strong seller’s

12.9 %

1.9 %

14.5 %

40

Milwaukee, WI

$346,140

7.1 %

88.1

Strong seller’s

10.0 %

6.2 %

10.9 %

15

Seattle, WA

$755,037

6.7 %

92.6

Strong seller’s

16.6 %

15.1 %

31.5 %

10

Boston, MA

$698,003

9.1 %

93.8

Strong seller’s

14.1 %

1.7 %

20.7 %

48

Hartford, CT

$357,099

12.3 %

101

Strong seller’s

11.9 %

6.0 %

7.3 %

12

San Francisco, CA

$1,198,046

5.5 %

111.2

Strong seller’s

15.4 %

20.4 %

31.6 %

35

San Jose, CA

$1,642,546

12.5 %

111.6

Strong seller’s

13.8 %

25.8 %

48.7 %

49

Buffalo, NY

$258,964

7.7 %

118.1

Strong seller’s

12.4 %

-0.2 %

8.7 %

*Table showing national statistics first, then ordered by Zillow’s market heat index value from most favorable for buyers to most favorable for sellers.

1

The Zillow® Real Estate Market Report is a monthly overview of the national and local real estate markets. The reports are compiled by Zillow Research. For more information, visit www.zillow.com/research.

Source: Zillow